Folklore creatures around the world
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Written West African myths were not established until the 19th century. Most of the myths were transmitted orally from generation to generation. These myths were narrated by storytellers and grandparents. They are also narrated by the griots of Mali and Senegal, Niger and northern Nigeria. 
In northern Nigeria, among the Kanuri people of the former Bornu Empire in the Lake Chad region, there are beliefs about a form of hyena men who are given the name bultungin, which translates as "I turn into a hyena." It was traditionally once believed that one or two of the villages in the region were populated entirely by hyena men, such as Kabultiloa. The hyena men are also known as bultungin, which translates as "I turn into a hyena." In northern Nigeria, among the Kanuri people of the former Bornu Empire in the Lake Chad region, there are beliefs about a form of hyena men called bultungin.
The tortoise (Yoruba: Ijapa, Igbo: Mbeku) is also part of Nigerian mythology, as it is considered a trickster and appears quite a bit in the folklore of southern Nigeria, while the hare (Hausa: Zomo) appears quite a bit in such a role northern Nigeria.
In the Ewé folklore of Togo and Ghana, Adze is a vampiric being that takes the form of a firefly, although it transforms to its human form when captured. When in human form, the adze has the power to possess humans. In firefly form, the adze crosses through closed doors at night and sucks the blood of people while they sleep. The victim falls ill and dies. The adze has the power to possess human beings.
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Since the consolidation of their myth in many civilizations, vampires have been the center and pretext of all kinds of artistic and folkloric expressions. Thanks to these, from legends passed down from generation to generation to literary exercises known to all, these 'blood-sucking' creatures have been able to stay alive within culture throughout the centuries. Of course, cinema has not been left behind, offering viewers great vampire movies that today live on in our memories... or our nightmares.
Whether by revisiting key characters such as Dracula or taking advantage of their immortal figures to give them a curious twist, various filmmakers from all countries and in all decades have created remarkable pieces focused on vampires and the terrible curse that condemns them perpetually to shadows and blood.
In the early thirties, Universal Pictures decided to take advantage of the myth of 'Dracula' to add a new 'monster' to its interesting catalog of creepy creatures. Thus originated 'Dracula', a film directed by Tod Browning focused on the vicissitudes faced by the mythical count (Bela Lugosi) after settling in England, falling in love with an engaged girl (Frances Dade) and becoming the center of an investigation led by Dr. Abraham Van Helsing (Edward Van Sloan).
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The stories of Wayland the Smith describe him falling in love with Swanhilde, a Swan Maiden, who is the daughter of a marriage between a mortal woman and a fairy king, who forbids his wife to ask about his origins; when she asks him, he disappears. However, Swanhilde and her sisters can fly like swans. But wounded by a spear, Swanhilde falls to earth and is rescued by the master craftsman Wieland, and marries him, setting aside her wings and her magic ring of power. Wieland's enemies, the Neidings, commanded by Princess Bathilde, steal the ring, kidnap Swanhilde and destroy Wieland's house. When Wieland searches for Swanhilde, he is caught and paralyzed. However, he creates wings for himself and escapes with Swanhilde when the Neidings' house is destroyed.
The second type of tale involves the swan maiden who helps the hero against an antagonist. This may be the maiden's mistress, e.g., a witch, as in a tale published by illustrator Howard Pyle in The Wonder Clock, or the maiden's father, e.g., the character of Tsar Morskoi in Russian fairy tales. The maiden's father, e.g., the character of Tsar Morskoi in Russian fairy tales. The maiden's father, e.g., the character of Tsar Morskoi in Russian fairy tales.